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Tables

Whatever subject you are studying, there will be key information or statistics that you need to have nearby.

Included in this article are some of these vital pieces of information, presented in table form, as they appear on this web site.

World population

United Nations statistics give the global population at the end of 2013 as 7.2 billion with a growth rate of 1.14% (82 million p.a.) with a projection to 9.6 billion by 2050 which will require 70% more food each year than now.[5]

Human population growth

The graph extends from 10,000 BCE projected through to 2100 CE.
Courtesy the American Museum of Natural History

From the above graph we can see that, even with the advent of settled communities following the hunter-gatherer societies of pre-history, in relative terms the first indication of increase came about 2,500 years ago coinciding with the burgeoning of Mediterranean and Chinese cultures during the Axial Age. However, until about 1300 CE across the world the the standard of living was relatively uniform with subsistence agriculture the prevailing occupation and a higher standard of living confined to small ruling elites. From about the 13th to 14th centuries in the West surplus production allowed economies to grow and new technologies to thrive.

A major population spirt becomes evident when vast quantities of cheap concentrated energy, as fossil fuels, become available, powering the Industrial Revolution.

 From 1700 to 1900 Europe’s population tripled from 122 to 421 million, that of China trebled from 150 to 436 million, and India’s doubled to 290 million. One especially dramatic statistic of the Age of Exploration is that around the 16th century at least 90% of native (non-European) populations visited or occupied by Europeans was killed by European epidemic diseases. World-wide the number of people living in cities increased from 2% in 1800 to 10% in 1900 (it exceeded 50% for the first time in 2010). In England of 1800 75% of the population was rural, employed on the land, but by 1900 had moved from farms to factories, rural to urban, those employed in agriculture, forestry and fishing decreasing from 25% in 1831 to 9% in 1901. London remained the largest city in the world through the 19th century, its population increasing from about 1 million in 1800 (only then overtaking the population of Ancient Rome at its height) to about 6.6 million in 1900, with associated epidemics and pollution, especially smog and cholera, and the replacement of wildlife with a human commensal fauna of rats, mice, cockroaches, sparrows, pigeons, fleas and the like.[4]

With the renewal of economic activity in the 1950s after the depravations of two world wars, and with yet more sophisticated technology, energy use, communication and trade, the world again redoubled its rate of growth to enter a phase of ‘population explosion’ that has been referred to as the ‘Great Acceleration’.

WORLD
POPULATION

---

YEAR         BILLIONS

BCE
10,000    –    0.002
8000    -    0.005
6000    –    0.011
4000    –    0.028
2000    –    0.072
1000    –    0.115

CE
1      –    0.30
500     –    0.20   
1000      –    0.31      
1100      –    0.33      
1200      –    0.38      
1300      –    0.35      
1400    -    0.35.0.40
1500    -    0.43–0.50
1600    -    0.50–0.58
1700    -    0.60–0.68
1800    -    0.89–0.98
1900    -    1.56–1.71
2000    -    6.06–6.15
2100    -    c. 10–13   

British monarchs

BRITISH MONARCHS

SAXON   -   802-1066

DANE (Viking) = D

Egbert        -    802-839 - Wessex
Æthelwulf   -   839-856
Æthelbald   -   856-860
Æthelbert    -   860-866
Æthelred I   -   866-871
Alfred-the-Great - 871-899
Edward the Elder - 899-924
Athelstan    -    924-939
Ælfweard    -    924
Edmund I the Elder - 939-946
Eadred        -    946-955
Eadwig the All Fair - 955-959
Edgar I - the Peaceful - 959-975
Edward the Martyr - 975-978
Æthelred II - Unready - 978-1013
Sweyn I Forkbeard - 1013-1014D
Æthelred II Unready - 1014-1016
Edmund Ironside - 1016
Canute the Great 1016-1035 - D
Harold Harefoot - 1035-1040 - D
Harthacanute - 1040-1042 - D
Edward t'e Confessor 1042-1066
Harold II    -    1066
Edgar Ætheling - 1066

NORMAN  -  1066-1154

William I    -   1066-1087
William II   -   1087-1100
Henry I      –   1100-1135
Stephen of Blois – 1135-1154

PLANTAGENET  -  1154-1485

Henry II     –   1154-1189
Richard I Lionheart – 1189-1199
John Lackland – 1199-1216
Henry III    –   1216-1272
Edw' I Longshanks – 1272-1307
Edw' II of Carnarvon - 1307-1327
Edward III  –   1327-1377
Richard II   –   1377-1399
Henry IV     –   1399-1413
Henry V      –   1413-1422
Henry VI     –   1422-1461
Edward IV   -   1461-1483
Edward V    -   1483
Richard III   -   1483-1485

TUDOR  -  1485-1603

Henry VII    –   1485-1505
Henry VIII   –   1509-1547
Edward VI   –   1547-1553
Lady Jane Grey/Dudley – 1553
Mary I/Mary Tudor – 1553-1558
Elizabeth I   –   1558-1603

STUART  -  1603-1714

James I       –    1603-1625
Charles I     -    1625-1649
Civil War     –    1642-1651
Commonwealth - 1649-1653
Protectorate  – 1653-1659
Charles II    –    1660-1685
James II (VII Scotl'd) -1685-1688
Mary & William - 1688-1694
William of Orange – 1694-1702
Anne          –      1702-1714

HANOVER  -  1714-1901

George 1   –  1714-1727
George II   –  1727-1760
George III  –  1760-1820
George IV  –  1820-1830
William IV  –  1830-1837
Victoria      –  1837-1901

SAXE-COB' GOTHA 1901-1910 

Edward VII  -  1901-1910

WINDSOR  –  1910->

George V     –  1910-1936
Edward VIII  –  1936
George VI     –  1936-1952
Elizabeth II   –  1953->

Roman Emperors

Youtube

Timeline of the Roman and Byzantine Emperors

Dieu le Roi – 2020 – 11:20

 

 

 

Wikipedia

List of Roman Emperors

   ROMAN EMPERORS

1st CENTURY CE

Augustus       -      31 BCE –14 CE
Tiberius          -      14–37
Caligula          -       37–41
Claudius         -      41–54
Nero                -      54–68
Galba               -      68–69
Otho                 -      Jan,-Apr. 69
Aulus Vitellius -      July–Dec. 69
Vespasian        -      69–79
Titus                 -      79–81
Domitian         -      81–96
Nerva               -      96–98

2nd CENTURY CE

Trajan               -          98–117
Hadrian            -        117–138
Antoninus Pius  -      138–161
Marcus Aurelius -    161–180
Lucius Verus       -     161–169
Commodus         -     177–192
Publius Pertinax - Jan.-Mar. 193
Marcus Julianus  - Mar.-Jun. 193
Septimius Severus -  193–211

3rd CENTURY CE

Caracalla           -        198–217
Publius  Sept. Geta    -   209–211
Macrinus           -        217–218
Elagabalus        -        218–222
Severus Alexander - 222–235
Maximinus        -        235–238
Gordian I (Mar.-Apr.)    -     238
Gordian II (Mar.-Apr.)   -     238
Pupienus Max. (Apr-July) -  238
Balbinus (Apr.-July)       -      238
Gordian III         -         238–244
Philip                  -         244–249
Decius                -         249–251
Hostilian            -          251
Gallus                 -          251–253
Aemilian             -         253
Valerian              -         253–260
Gallienus             -        253–268
Claudius II Gothicus - 268–270
Quintillus            -         270
Aurelian              -         270–275
Tacitus                -         275–276
Florian (Jun.-Sept.)      276
Probus                -         276–282
Carus                   -        282–283
Numerian           -         283–284
Carinus               -         283–285
Diocletian (E Empire)  284–305
- divided empire into E and W
Maximian (W Empire) 286–305

4th CENTURY CE

Constantius I       -  W 305–306
Galerius               -   E 305–311
Severus                -   W 306–307
Maxentius           -    W 306–312
Constantine I - 306–337 (reunif.)
Galerius Val. Max. -  310–313
Licinius                 -    308–34
Constantine II      -    307–340
Constantius II       -   337–361
Constans I             -   337–350
Gallus Caesar       -   351–354
Julian                     -   361–363
Jovian                    -   363–364
Valentinian I         -   W 364–375
Valens                    -   E 364–378
Gratian                  -   W 367–383
    - coemperor with Valentinian I
Valentinian II       -    375–392
Theodosius I        -   E 379–392
E& W 392–395
Arcadius               -   E 383–395
      - coemperor
      395–402 sole emperor
Magnus Maximus - W 383–388
Honorius               -   W 393–395
       - coemperor
      395–423 sole emperor

5th CENTURY CE

Theodosius II    - E 408–450
Constantius III  - W 421  co-emp.
Valentinian III   - W  425–455
Marcian             - E 450–457
Petronius Max. - W Mr–My 455
Avitus                 -  W 455–456
Majorian            -  W 457–461
Libius Severus  -  W 461–465
Anthemius         -  W 467–472
Olybrius          - W Apr.-Nov. 472
Glycerius            -  W 473–474
Julius Nepos      -   W 474–475
Romulus August.- W 475–476
Leo I                    -   E 457–474
Leo II                   -   E 474
Zeno                    -   E 474–491

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