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Roman Britain timeline

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Roman Britain timeline

Timeline

BCE

55 – Caesar’s first reconnaissance expedition lands on south coast, remaining for two months
54 – second and more substantial force marches inland beyond the Thames and into Essex

CE

43 – invasion led by general Aulus Plautius and resisted by Caratacus; founding of Colchester (Camulodunum) as oldest Romano-British town in the colony of Britannia
50 – defeat of Caratacus
51 – capture of Caratacus
61 – Iceni uprising under Boadicca who commits suicide
74 – Petilius Cerialis leads battle against Brigantes
78 – British Governor Agricola begins conquest
85 – foundation of Lincoln
98 – foundation of Gloucester
122 – Emperor Hadrian visits Britain initiating construction of ‘Hadrian’s Wall’
126 – Hadrian’s Wall completed
211 – Emperor Septimus Severus dies in York
212 – all free citizens of Britannia declared eligible to become Roman citizens
304 – St Alban the first British Christian martyr
306 – western Emperor Constantius dies in York
312 – provinces in Britannia now four
383 – Magnus Maximus becomes Emperor of Britain and Gaul
405 – mission of St Patrick begins
407 – Roman Army in Britain declares Constantine emperor (lasts until 411)
410 – Roman legions withdraw from Britain
449 – nvasions of Germanic tribes called Angles, Saxons, and Jutes with Vortigern the British leader
477 – South Saxons under Aelle begin settlement
495 – West Saxons under Cerdic begin settlement

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